Fractures with Eponyms

Aviator’s Fracture--Fracture of neck of talus


Chauffer Fracture--AKA: Hutchinson's Fracture- Oblique fracture of radial styloid BACK to TOP


Wagon Wheel Fracture -- Separation of distal femoral epiphysis from metaphysis of femur in a child BACK to TOP


Clay Shoveler’s Fracture -- Fracture of one or more spinous processes, most commonly C7 BACK to TOP


Toddler’s Fracture--Subtle, non-displaced oblique fracture distal tibia in children - 9 months to 3 years  of age BACK to TOP


Hoffa Fracture--Posterior tangential fracture of one (usually lateral) or both femoral condyles BACK to TOP


Jones Fracture--“True Jones" fracture occurs 1” distal to base of 5th metatarsal BACK to TOP


Dupuytren’s Fracture--Fracture of distal fibula (lateral malleolus)-
Lateral dislocation of talus and displacement of foot upward and outward-Rupture of distal talofibular ligaments BACK to TOP


Hill-Sach’s (Fracture) Deformity--Results from anterior dislocation of  humeral head-Located on posterolateral aspect of head BACK to TOP


Bennett’s Fracture--Intra-articular fracture of base of 1st metacarpal-
Fracture must involve 1st carpometacarpal joint


Tillaux Fracture--
Anterior tibiofibular ligament avulses small portion of tibia-
Consists of avulsion of anterior lateral margin of distal tibia BACK to TOP


Cotton’s Fracture--
A trimalleolar fracture of ankle with fractures of both malleoli and posterior lip of tibia BACK to TOP


Segond Fracture--
Avulsion fracture of lateral tibial plateau at site of attachment of lateral capsular ligament-
Frequently associated with tears of  anterior cruciate ligament (70 %) or MCL or menisci BACK to TOP 

Hangman’s Fracture--
Hyperextension/compression fx-
Fractures through the pedicles of C2 with anterolisthesis of C2 on C3 BACK to TOP


Malgaigne Fracture--
Most common unstable pelvic fracture-
Vertical shearing involves anterior & posterior arches-
Most commonly through pubic rami and sacrum BACK to TOP


Duverny Fracture--
Stable pelvic fracture-
Consists of isolated fracture of one iliac wing BACK to TOP


Colles Fracture--
Transverse fracture of distal radial metaphysis proximal to joint with dorsal displacement and angulation of distal fragment BACK to TOP


Chance Fracture--
Seat belt fracture-
Horizontal fracture through spinous process with little or no compression of  vertebral body- 
May be associated with horizontal fracture through vertebral body BACK to TOP


Smith Fracture--
Transverse fracture of distal radial metaphysis with palmar displacement of distal fracture fragment-
If intra-articular, called reverse Barton fracture BACK to TOP


Chopart’s Fracture--
Fracture dislocation involving the midtarsal joints in which there is superior dislocation of the navicular and cuboid bones on the talus and calcaneus BACK to TOP


Galeazzi Fracture--
Fracture of shaft of radius associated with dislocation of distal radioulnar joint-


Mallet Finger--
Baseball finger (a.k.a. Mallet Finger) describes a flexion deformity of distal interphalangeal joint caused by extensor tendon separation from distal phalanx BACK to TOP


Bumper Fracture--
Valgus injury may result in compression fracture of lateral tibial plateau-
May be associated with fracture of neck of fibula- 
Accompanying disruption of MCL likely BACK to TOP


Dashboard Fracture--
Fracture of  posterior rim of acetabulum  BACK to TOP


Essex Lopresti Fracture--
Comminuted fracture of head of radius, associated with dislocation of distal ulnar joint-
Like Galeazzi fx but radial fx is comminuted and involves head BACK to TOP


Skier’s Thumb-AKA gamekeeper’s, Break-dancer’s thumb--
Injury involves ulnar collateral ligament of MCP joint of thumb BACK to TOP


Straddle Fracture--
Bilateral fractures of all pubic rami-
Associated with urethral and bladder injuries in 20% BACK to TOP


Chisel Fracture--
Incomplete fracture of head of radius-
Fracture line extends distally from center of articular surface, approximately one-half inch-
In adults, most common fracture of elbow involves either head or neck of the radius BACK to TOP


Lisfranc Fracture--
Divergent dislocation consists of lateral dislocation of metatarsals 2-5 and medial dislocation of 1st metatarsal BACK to TOP


Jefferson Fracture-C1--
Burst fracture-producing bilateral breaks in anterior and posterior arches BACK to TOP


Maissoneuve Fracture--
Typically, fracture of medial malleolus with disruption of tibiofibular syndesmosis-
Results in fracture of proximal third of fibula-
Maissoneuve fracture results from an ankle eversion injury BACK to TOP


Bankart Fracture--
Fracture of inferior rim of glenoid caused by posterolateral margin of humeral head impacting glenoid while dislocating anteriorly BACK to TOP


March Fracture--
Stress fracture of the shaft of either the 2nd or 3rd metatarsal BACK to TOP


Boxer’s Fracture--
Transverse fracture of head of 5th metacarpal with palmar angulation BACK to TOP



Reverse Barton’s Fracture--
Reverse Barton fracture involves volar rim of radius while conventional Barton fracture involves dorsal rim-
Must be intra-articular-
Similar in appearance to Smith fracture, which is not intra-articular BACK to TOP


Nightstick Fracture--
Transverse fracture of the midshaft of ulna-BACK to TOP


Rolando Fracture--
Comminuted fracture-dislocation of base of first metacarpal-
Intra-articular and comminuted, distinguishing it from non-comminuted Bennett fracture-BACK to TOP


Lisfranc Fracture--
Most common dislocation in foot, consisting of dorsal dislocation of  tarsometatarsal joints-
Homolateral dislocation consists of lateral dislocation of metatarsals 1-5 or 2-5--
Injury due to severe plantarflexion of foot with folding of midfoot upon forefoot-BACK to TOP


Monteggia Fracture--
Proximal ulnar fracture with anterior dislocation of radial head-
Due to forceful pronation injury of  forearm-
“Reversed" Monteggia fracture-dislocation injuries=posterior angulation of ulnar fracture site and posterior dislocation of radial head-BACK to TOP


Pott’s Fracture---
Fx of lower end of fibula and medial malleolus of tibia
Caused by outward and backward displacement of leg while foot fixed-BACK to TOP


Trough Sign (Fracture)--
Fracture of anteromedial aspect of the humeral head-
Produced when humeral head impacts posterior glenoid during posterior dislocation of shoulder-BACK to TOP


Barton’s Fracture--
Intra-articular fracture of dorsal margin of distal radius-
Fracture line is oblique and extends to the radiocarpal joint-BACK to TOP

Nursemaid’s Elbow--
Dislocation of the radial head caused by forceful pull on the forearm-
Line parallel to the long-axis of the shaft of the radius should always intersect the capitellum BACK to TOP

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